The Yawara Stick is an intermediate control device. When used against an assailant or person resisting arrest, it is capable of applying pain compliance, impact damage, or even shattering force if necessary. The proper use of this weapon is totally dependent on the amount of training received by the officer.
It should be remembered that your goal as a law enforcement officer (when it comes to the use of force) can be summarized in one word - CONTROL. As a police officer, you encounter various levels of resistance/assault in the course of your duties. In a number of these cases, a weaponless defense technique will be the most appropriate method of gaining control. On some occasions, because of the degree of force confronted, you may have to rely on your sidearm as your best defense. In between these levels of resistance/assault, there are many circumstances that necessitate more force than can reasonably be applied with a weaponless defense technique, but fall short of justifying the use of deadly force. The Yawara Stick, Side-Handle Baton (PR-24), Mid-Range Baton, and all other impact weapons are the proper tools to fill this gap.
Viewed in this context, the Yawara Stick is an INTERMEDIATE CONTROL DEVICE. It provides the much need degree of force between weaponless defense techniques and the use of deadly force. Each separate set of circumstances require that the officer exercise his/her own judgment, supported by a knowledge of statutes concerning the use of necessary force (835PC). Once that judgment and knowledge dictates the use of the Yawara Stick, that officer is thereafter obligated to use it properly.
The Yawara Stick was developed by Professor F.A Matsuyama in the 1930's. He brought it to the U.S. in the early 1940's, where many law enforcement agencies adopted its use. Matsuyama returned to Japan in the 1950's. He left behind a wonderful manual on the use of the Yawara Stick. Clink on the "Links" section to study his manual.
WHEN TO USE THE YAWARA STICK:
The decision to use the Yawara Stick can generally be divided into four separate areas:
1) When an officer is assaulted by a suspect who is much larger or physically stronger than he/she is. As long as the officer can indicate the suspect was going to use this size/strength advantage in a way which would prove harmful to the officer or the completion of his lawful duties, he could use it.
2) When an officer is involved with a suspect in a violent confrontation and that suspect has a degree of martial training which makes it difficult for the officer to gain control in any other way.
3) When an officer is confronted by multiple suspects who are threatening the officer and are capable of carrying out the threat, and they make an overt act to carry out the threat, the Yawara Stick should be used to dissuade the attack.
4) When an officer is confronted by a suspect(s) that he has reasonable cause to believe committed a felony, and the suspect(s) refuses to comply with the officer's directions prior to searching or handcuffing, the Yawara Stick may be used to obtain compliance. Once the suspect complies, however, the Yawara Stick should not be used any further.
WHEN TO CARRY THE YAWARA STICK:
The Yawara Stick will be of little value to you if you leave it in your patrol vehicle. CARRY YOUR YAWARA STICK! It can't work for you if you leave it behind. I carry mine in my right sap pocket and it can be brought in to use instantly when needed. Get into the habit of carrying it with you, then when you need it it will be there for you. The Yawara Stick is an excellent weapon for officers, plain clothes officers or correctional personnel.
A general rule to remember when thinking of Yawara Stick targets is to strike any area of the body where bone comes close to the surface of the skin. The exceptions to this rule (as with other impact weapons) is the HEAD and SPINAL COLUMN. Bony areas which would be considered valid target areas are the collarbone, elbow, forearm, wrist, hand, sternum plate, and rib cage. Certain large muscle areas such as the top of the thigh muscle can also be added, because of the configuration of certain Yawara Stick strikes.
1) The Yawara Stick is an INTERMEDIATE CONTROL DEVICE.
3) The Yawara Stick is used in those circumstances that require more force than can reasonably be applied with a weapnless defense technique, but fall short of calling for the use of deadly force.
4) Get into the habit of carrying your Yawara Stick everywhere.
5) Use only the degree of force necessary to control the violator.